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Glossary of Martial Arts:
A collection of many different arts

By: David K. Every
(C) 1987 - All Rights Reserved

Aiki-do (J) Lit.- Divine Harmony Way; Throwing, holding and locking your opponent(s), a soft internal style. Lots of circular / redirecting techniques.
Aiki-Jitsu (J) Lit.-Divine Harmony Techniques; The techniques of throwing, holding and locking your opponent(s). Lots of circular / redirecting techniques. Similar to Aikido but without the philosophies of Morehie Uyeshiba.
Aiki-JuJitsu (J) Lit.-Divine Harmony of Jentle Techniques; A very blending system of Jujutsu that is the predecessor of modern Akido.
American-Kenpo (W) Lit.-American Fist Law; A Kenpo/Kempo system created by Edmund Parker. Most modern American Kenpo Systems can trace some of their roots back to Ed Parkers American Kenpo, and many different teaching methods and techniques can be traced back to this system. This system allows "artistic interpretation" and many, many american offshoots have come of this.
ANIMAL STYLES - Using the basic principles of the way an animal defends itself for self defense. Here is a partial list of some animal styles, and their technique. Some animals are styles (sub-sets of a system), and others are complete systems. And some animals have different personalities (sub-sets of the style).
  • Bear - Mauling grappling style, powerful and overpowering.
  • Boar - Rushing and butting, using elbows and knees.
  • Bull - Charging and tackling.
  • Cobra - Striking vital point, usually upper body.
  • CRANE - Grace & Balance. The crane is a graceful beautiful bird, whose beauty makes it look helpless. It uses its balance and grace (fluidity) against the opponent. It is good at out-fighting (fighting from a distance), not letting the opponent get too close, but using accuracy to hit with poison hand techniques.
  • Deer - Fleet and Agile.
  • DRAGON - Rides the wind. The dragon flies, swoops, leaps, slashes; known for twirling & spinning motions, uses the momentum and whipping motion of the spin against the opponent. It uses movements and strikes from many other animals, and is difficult to predict.
  • Eagle - A style utilizes the "Eagle Claw", a unique attack, usually to soft targets (eyes, throat, groin).
  • Eagle Claw (C) - (This is a system of martial arts) This system is similar to jujitsu, trapping incoming strikes and taking down, and locking up the opponent. This is a long fist style (out-fighting), most strikes are aimed at pressure points.
  • LEOPARD - Speed & Power. The leopard is quick and leaping; it likes to lunge in with attacks, and then get clear before the retaliation. It has a lot of in-out attacks using the quick body momentum to add power.
    • Leopard (SNOW) - this is a variant of the leapord. The snow leopard walks on snow all day, so its paws are frozen (and more frail). So the snow leopard likes to lunge in like the leopard, but it uses its forearms, elbows & knees to strike (to protect its paws).
  • Monkey Kung Fu (C) (Tai Sing) - Agile & Tricky. An awkward looking animal at best. It confuses the opponent, using movements that don't look feasible (and therefore weren't planned for) and very low stances. It can put on a showy display to confuse you and then hit you with something simple (or visa-versa). It will roll to absorb a hit or to get inside your guard. It is desceptive and dangerous. There are 5 sub-styles of Monkey Kung Fu, these are:
    • Drunken Monkey - See Monkey , but add more desceptive movements, that give the practitioner the appearance of being intoxicated. It is the most difficult of the monkey styles to master.
    • Lost Monkey - See Monkey , but add constant movement (changing footwork and direction constantly).
    • Standing Monkey - See Monkey , but use more outfighting , more conventional stances , and less rolling (better for taller people).
    • Stone Monkey - See Monkey , but add that this practitioner will absorb strikes, and exchange them.
    • Wooden Monkey - See Monkey , but add this is the most aggressive of the monkey styles , it will literally jump on an opponent to get at him.
  • Panther - Circling, lunging and ripping.
  • Praying Mantis (C) (Tong Lun) ; A system that likes to trap oncoming strikes while simultaneously striking with the other hand / foot. And then utilizing many fast handed strikes. A large person in this style is not afraid to use his body (butting , hipping , etc.) while speed will work for the smaller person.
    • Eight Steps Praying Mantis ; Utilizes footwork for more in-fighting.
    • Northern Praying Mantis ; Utilizes more kicks, more out-fighting.
    • Seven Star Praying Mantis ; Translates as "always moving & changing your direction, in order to break down your opponent's guard."
  • Praying Mantis (Southern) (C) This system is unrelated to praying mantis, and bears no resemblance to the insect. This is an in-fighting, short hand system, that utilizes quick agressive attacks. This style has no real blocks, it avoids(or absorbs) the first punch and immediately counter attacks with a machine gun barrage of tight punches, and low kicks (often simultaneous). no changing of footwork, no blocking (too slow), just an all out blitz. They are known for their 1 inch punch, pheonix and palm strikes.
  • Python - Grappling, crushing. Utilizes locks and holds with chokes.
  • Scorpion - Grabs at pressure point or soft targets.
  • SNAKE - Supple & Rythmic endurance. The snake is fluent and supple, it will wrap up your limbs, destroy your balance, and use poison hand techniques. It likes to get in close and use grappling / throwing while striking many times in the process.
  • TIGER - Strength & Tenacity. The tiger is good at in-fighting (fighting in close), it likes to maul the opponent, overpower him. The tiger is a strong style (good for stockier people, to use their strength). It throws an opponent one direction, and then uses the opponent's momentum against him.
  • Viper - Strikes at vital point, usually lower body.
  • White Crane (C) This is a defensive system utilizing long powerful high kicks as well as long arm attacks. There are four basic fist attacks taught (Chuin - straight punch , Pow - uppercut , Kup - circular overhead punch , Chow - roundhouse punch). This system uses the pivot of the whole body to put force behind its strike / kick, all of which are delivered from long range. A lot of quick everchanging footwork.
Archery (W) Various scoring systems, with the basic principle of hitting a target with an arrow.
Arnis (P) Lit. Harness; Philipine martial art. See Filipino Arts.
Arnis de mano (P) Lit. Harness of the hand; See Arnis.
Bajutsu (J) Lit. Horsemanship techniques.
Bak Mei (C) Lit. White Eyebrow ; See white eyebrow.
Bandesh (Indian) An ancient Indian martial art. Utilizes various locks.
Bando (Burmese) Lit. Disciplined Way. Sometime refered to as Burmese Boxing, a VERY brutal sport. There is also a style of bando that is a external martial art, and there is an internal martial art of Bando.
Banshay (Burmese) A Burmese martial art that uses weapons. This style has some Indian and Chinese influences.
Barusilat (Indo) Lit. new place. A unique style of indonesian Silat.
Battojutsu (J) Lit. Cutting sword technique. A rapid version of iaido or iaijutsu, the art of quick draw and cut with a sword.
Bersilat (Malasian) A style similair to the other Indonesian Silat styles.
Binot (Indian) A rare martial art, where the practitioner is empty handed but works against all sorts of weaponed combatants.
Bojutsu (J) Lit. Bo techniques. Martial art using the bo (6' staff) or spear.
Boxing (W) An advanced martial sport. The rules vary, due to amatuer or profession status. Generally a (gloved) fist only sport bludgeoning. This is a sport, therfor the training gets very specialized.
Boxing, Burmese (Burmese) A brutal martial sport similair to Thai boxing. Sometimes also called Bando.
Boxing, Chinese (Chinese) A generic term for any of many Chinese martial arts.
Boxing, Greek (Greek)An ancient greek boxing sport.
Boxing, Kick (Western) A generic term for sport karate.
Boxing, Thai (Thai) A Thailand origonated, brutal martial sport. This sport allows strikes with the elbows or knees, as well as hands or feet. And it also allows strikes to the legs or knees. Also called Muay Thai.
Budo (J) Lit. Martial / Warrior way. Not an art but a code of ethics that the samari and many martial artists try to adhere to.
Bujutsu (J) Lit. Martial / Warrior techniques.
Burmese Boxing (Burmese) A brutal martial sport similar to Thai boxing.
Bushido (J) The way of the warrior; following the code of the bushi. A philosophical thought behind many Japanese martial arts. Also known as the code of the Samari.
Capoeira (Brazilian) An acrobatic, high kicking style, created by African slaves.
Ch'a Chuan (C) An northern Chinese style, specializing in out-fighting, using jumps with long strikes and long kicks.
Chang Chuan (C) Lit. Long Fist ; An open style , specializing in out-fighting, using long strikes and long kicks. Many styles are originated in this system including Northern Shaolin, Choy-li-fut and Northern Praying Mantis.
Chang-Hon Yu (K) Lit. Blue House School. A Tae Kwon Do style founded by General Choi Hong Hi (the name coming from his pen name; Chang-Hon).
Chang-Mu Kwon (K) Lit. Expansion of Martial Arts School. A Korean martial art, founded in 1946.
Chi Do Kwan (K) Lit. Wisdom Way School. A style similar to, and with roots in, Tang Soo Do.
Ch'in Na (C) Lit. Siezing Art; Ancient Chinese locking and holding techniques. Thought to be the be the forerunner of judo and aikido.
Chinese Boxing (C) A generic term for most Chinese martial arts (Kung Fu , Gung Fu , Chuan Fa , etc.)
Chinese Wrestling (C) (Shuai-Jao) ; Modern Chinese wrestling, a groundwork mostly system. Has some flipping and throwing.
Cireum (K) Korean sport wrestling. This sport has its roots in some ancient Chinese and Mongolian grappling martial arts, as well as modern Japanese Sumo.
Chiao Ti (C) Ancient Chinese wrestling, where the practitioners both wore horned helmets, and tried to gore each other.
Chito Ryu (J) A Japanese style named after it founder Tsuyoshi Chitose.
Chow Gar (C) Lit. Chow Family; A southern Chinese style similair to Choy Gar.
Choy Gar (C) Lit. Choy Family ; no relation to Choy-li-fut... this is a long arm style, and very rare.
Choy-Li-Fut (C) Lit. Choy (a Shaolin monk) Fut (means buddha) ; A long fist system that utilizes a lot of circular strike, extension & projection, with low powerful stances. It is an in-fighting as well as an out-fighting system. It has four main fist strikes (Tsop - straight punch , Qua - backfist/back 2-knuckle, Jong - Uppercut , Sow - roundhouse punch) all use projection & body torque for power. It contains animal forms (Tiger , Leopard, Dragon, Snake, Crane) and has grappling & throwing. It uses many different weapons, and is a very diverse system.
Ch'uan Fa (C) Lit. Fist Law; Used the same as 'Kung Fu', but actually means the same thing as Kempo/Kenpo. It is a term used to describe Chinese martial arts. Usually the schools name would be before "Ch'uan Fa" as in Shaolin Ch'uan Fa (the Shaolin School of the Fist Law).
Ch'uan Shu (C) Lit. Fist Art; Same as "Chuan Fa", "Kung Fu" or "Wu Shu"...a term used to describe Chinese martial arts.
Chujo Ryu (J) An ancient school of Japanese swordsmanship.
Chung Kuo Ch'uan (C)Lit. Chinese Fist ; See Boxing, Chinese or Chinese Boxing.
Drunken Monk (C) A style in which the practitioner's movements emulate a drunken persons. This is somewhat exotic, but the movements and effectiveness can be surprising.
Dumog (P) Old Philipine Wrestling.
Eagle Claw (C) A Chinese kung fu system that is known for its attacks vital point with the "eagle claw".
Escrima (P) Lit. Skirmish. See Filipino Arts.
External Systems () This is not a style but a catagory. It means that the basis of this system is hard, powerful, linear, forceful. External systems use more physical means to achieve their goal, usually meeting opwer with power.
Fari Gatka (Indian) Lit. Shield and Sword. An Indian form of fencing utilizing a shield.
Fencing (W) One of three main swordsmanship sports, either;
  • Epee - thrust at the opponent; any part of the body is a legal target.
  • Foil - thrust at the opponent; only the torso is a legal target.
  • Sabre - thrust or slash the opponent; anything above the knees is target.
Filipino Arts (Philipines) Usually one of the arts of Escrima, Kali or Arnis, these names are often used interchangably. These arts work with many drills. The arts are practices at many different ranges with any combination of sticks, swords, knives, spears (short) and empty hands. They also work on disarming, locking and breaking techniques.
Fu Chiao Pai (C) A Chinese tiger system. See Tiger (Animals).
Fut Gar (C) A southern Chinese influenced system. Utilizes many palm heel strikes.
Gatka (Indian) An Indian stick (oar) fighting martial art.
Goju (- Ryu ) (J) Lit. Hard Soft Way (the way of being both hard and soft); Okinawan style.
Go Ti (C) Ancient Chinese Wrestling.
Gun Fu (A) Lit. To use a gun ; This is a street art for blowing away people or killing innocent bystanders as a warning to the guy. The warning seems to be that the user is dangerous and can not operate a tool properly. More of an assault than an art.
Hapkido (K) Lit. Coordinated Power Way ; A Korean martial art similar to Aikido but simplified (a subset of Aikido), circular defensive system of flips, locks, and throws. Geared towards defense, and redirecting the opponents strength/momentum. Modern Hapkido often also works with with striking techniques and often acrobatics or gymnastic moves.
Hisardut (I) Lit. Self-Defense. An Isrealy form of Martial Arts. A very hard core defense oriented system. Lethal, but doesn't teach forms.
Hojojutsu (J) Lit. Tying Techniques. Techniques used by Ancient Samarai and Modern Police to bind with a rope.
Hokka No Jutsu (J) The techniques for using fire and smoke in battle.
Hop Gar (C) A fighting system with some philosophy.
Hsing-I (C) Lit. Shape of mind / Shape of intention ; This style has its basis in the 5 elements (earth, metal, water, wood, and fire) and 12 animals (dragon, tiger, monkey, horse, chicken, falcon, snake, tai bird, lizard, swallow, eagle, bear). 1 of the 3 major internal systems.
Hua Ch'uan (C) Lit. Flowering Hand. A Northern Chinese System.
Hung Gar (C) Lit. Hung Family ; A hard external southern Chinese system, utilizing low stances. It uses animal forms (Tiger , Leopard, Dragon, Snake, Crane), and the five elements (metal, wood, fire, water, and earth) and it also utilizes a variety of weapons.
Hwarang Do (K) Flowering Manhood Way. A diverse acrobatic Korean martial art. Meant to follow the ways of Hwa Rang warriors (who had strict moral, philisophical code of conduct similar to bushido).
Iaido (J) Lit. Sword Way ; The art of quick-draw and cut of the sword.
Iaijutsu (J) Lit. Sword Techniques ; The art of quick-draw and cut of the sword.
I Ch'uan (C) Lit. Mind Fist ; See Hsing I.
Internal Systems () This is not a style but a catagory. It means that the basis of this system is soft, circular, utilizes internal energy rather than external force. Internal systems use more less physical means to achieve their goal, usually avoiding or redirecting power rather than meeting power with power.
Iron Palm () Not a system but a type of training for toughening of the hand, often used for destructive (breaking) techniques.
Iron Body () Not a system but a type of training for toughening of the entire body, for being able to take physical abuse.
Isshin Ryu (J) Lit. One Heart School; An Okinawan Karate system founded in 1954.
Jeet Kune Do (C ) Intercepting Fist Way ; Bruce Lee's style of self defense ; the simultaneous block & attack of wing chun , the movements of western boxing. A whatever works philosophy, the style of no-style. Works on out-fighting as well as in-fighting.
Jobajutsu (J) Lit. Horsemanship techniques.
Jodo (J) Lit. Stick Way; Training using the Jo stick, a 4' or 5' stick.
Jojutsu (J) Lit. Stick Techniques; techniques using the Jo stick, a 4' or 5' stick.
Judo (J) Lit. Gentle Way; A modern sport for thowing, flipping and locking your opponent.
Jujitsu (J) Lit. Gentle Techniques; How to defend yourself by throwing, flipping, locking, and striking your opponent.
Jukendo (J) Lit. Bayonet Way. A way of training using a simulated bayonet on a rifle.
Jukenjutsu (J) Lit. Bayonet Techniques. Using a bayonet to strike the throat, side or heart.
Juttejutsu (J) Lit. Iron Stick Techniques. Techniques using a small iron batton.
Kajukenbo (W) The name comes from Korean KArate-Judo-Jujutsu-Kenpo-Chinese Boxing, which are the syles that the art was created from. System was founded by Emparado in the ????.
Kalari Payat (Indian) Fist, Stick or dagger fighting.
Kali (P) Philipine Stick fighting. See Filipino Arts.
Karate (J) Lit. Empty Hands; It has been adapted into a generic term meaning martial art, but it is literally 'how to defend yourself with "empty hands"'. Many styles are "Karate", empty handed self-defence styles. Most are not KARATE-DO a particular (traditional) style of defending yourself emptyhanded.
Karate Connection (W) An American Kenpo based school created by Chuck Sullivan and Vic LeRoux. Includes techniques from many different schools of thought. A "use what works" mentality.
Karate-Do (J) Lit. The way of the empty hands ; A traditional hard linear style. Uses force against force, hard blocks block hard strikes, come straight at the opponent and hit him hard. A way of maximize an individuals power.
Keibojutsu (J) Small Club Techniques; The keibo is a small wooden Jo. This is basically Jojutsu.
Kempo or Kenpo (J) Lit. Fist Law; Japanese pronounciation of the Chinese ideograms for Ch'uan Fa. A martial art that has seen the influences of Japanese, Chinese and American Martial Arts. This arts philosophy of attack are; first stun, then hit (hurt), then take the opponentdown (throw or flip), and then finish. Attack the opoponent with an overwhelming barrage of attacks that he can't possibly defend against. See History section for more details.
Kendo (J) Lit. The way of the sword ; A sport using bamboo swords (shinai) and armor.
Kenjitsu (J) Lit. The techniques of swordsmanship; How to defend yourself using your sword (usu. katana).
Kiai-Jitsu (J) Lit. Spirit-shout techniques; How to stun, injure or kill the opponent(s) with a KIAI (shout).
Kick Boxing (W) See Boxing, Kick.
KobuJutsu (J) Lit. Weapons Teqniques ; Self defence using the bokken or one of many other weapons.
Kuk Sool (K) A style that has influences from Tae Kwon Do and Kung Fu. A softer Korean style, with some additional grappling / throwing and locking.
Kung Fu (C) Lit. To be proficient in ; This term is misunder- stood by many westerners, it means that a student is learning an art/style named prior to "kung fu", kung fu itself is not a style. Most Kung Fu styles are soft circular styles; parying, avoiding, deflecting attacks rather than blocking or stopping them.
Kung Fu ( Animal Styles ) (C) Using the basic principles of the way an animal defends itself for self defense. See Animal Styles.
Kung Sool (K) Korean archery, strongly Chinese influenced utilizes a short bow.
Kyudo (J) Lit. Bow Way; Japanese archery. Not just shooting an arrow on target, but becoming one with what you are doing. A study in philosophy, as much as it is a martial art.
Kyujutsu (J) Lit. Bow Techniques; Japanese archery.
Lau Gar (C) Lit. Lau Family ; A middle length system that utilizes a lot of hands, not often taught.
Li Chia (C) See Li Gar.
Li Gar (C) Lit. Li Family ; A strong middle length system that utilizes a lot of hands... not often taught. The originator of this system is also one of choy-li-fut's originators.
Lima Lama (Polynesian) Lit. Hand Wisdom ; A Polynesian influenced martial art, also strongly influenced by Kempo.
Liu Gar (C) Lit. Liu Family ; A southern Chinese in-fighting system.
Ma Sool (K) Korean horsemanship.
Mi Tsung I (C) A Chinese system utilizing fast turning, direction changing and attacks.
Mok Gar (C) Lit. Mok Family ; a short handed system that utilizes powerful kicks.
Monkey Kung Fu (C) See Animal Styles.
Mongolian Wrestling (C) Known for wrestling large animals (lions & bears).
Moo Duk Kwan (K) A Korean martial art utilizing many high and spinning kicks. This is an offshoot of Tang Soo Do or Tae Kwon Do -- and traced history back to Chinese Martial Arts.
Naban (Burma) Burmese Wrestling (ancient).
Naginata Do (J) Long Sword Way ; The way of using a long pole with a bladed end. This was studied by women of the Samari.
Naginatajutsu (J) Long Sword Techniques ; Techniques using the Naginata, a long pole with a bladed end.
Nahate (J) Lit. Naha Hand ; One of the original Okinawan martial arts. This style is defensive, and influenced by internal systems. It has some grappling techniques.
Ninpo (J) Lit. Nothingness Art ; The art of the ninja. See Ninjitsu.
Ninjitsu (J) Lit. Nothingness techniques; The art of the ninja. An anything goes style, that trains in espionage, infiltration, assasination and use of many weapons as well as empty handed combat. Modernized versions focus more on the empty handed and weapon aspects of the art.
Okinawa-Te (J) Lit. Okinawa Hand ; Okinawa-te is an okinawan form of martial art. Many other Japanese arts developed from it including Karate and Shotokan.
Pa Kwa (C) Lit. Eight Directions ; It is origonally taught as a soft style , but gets into harder strikes when the student advances high enough. It likes to circle the opponent , and most attacks (80-90%) will be palms. A medium & close range system, that stands in upright (tall) stances. 1 of the 3 major internal systems.
Pai Hao Ch'uan (C) White Crane Kung Fu.
Pat Mei P'ai (C) See White Eyebrow.
Pentjak (Indonesian) A generic term to describe Indonesian Martial Arts.
Pentjak Silat (Indonesian) Indonesian Martial Art. Includes weapons and forms. There are many sub-styles.
Praying Mantis (C) (Tong Lun) ; See Animal Styles.
Sambo (S) Soviet judo.
Savate (F) Lit. Old Shoe; AFrench martial art, utilizes a lot of kicks.
Shaolin (C) Lit. Small Forest ; Famous temple in China, whose monks where the first to use "martial arts" as a style. Many, many styles are based on the forms & movements developed by Bodidharma for the Shaolin monks. See history section.
Shaolin Ch'uan Fa (C) Shaolin Fist Law. The proper name for original chinese temple boxing.
Shaolin Kempo (A) A modern Kempo style. A self-defense style that has tried to take the best out of Karate / Kung Fu / Jujitsu. The linear hard movements of Kempo Karate, the circular soft movements of Shaolin Kung Fu , along with 5 animals from Shaolin (Tiger , Leopard , Dragon , Snake , Crane), with the grappling / throwing / locking of Juijitsu.
Shinobi Jutsu (J) An old name for Ninjitsu.
Shito-Ryu (J) A traditional Japanese Karate system.
Shorei-Ryu (J) Lit. Shoei School ; A slow, powerful, traditional Okinawan Karate System.
Shorin (J) One of the primary Okinawan Karate Systems.
Shorin-Ryu (J) One of the primary Okinawan Karate Systems.
Shorinji (J) Lit. Japanese pronounciation of Shaolin.
Shorinji Kempo (J) Lit Shaolin Fist Way ; SeeShoriji Ryu.
Shorinji-Ryu (J) Lit. Japanese (Okinawan) School of Shaolin ; A fluent circular karate style, the Shaolin influence is apparant in the fluidity of the attacks, and the karate is apparant in the powerful rigid strikes.
Shotokan (J) Lit. Shoto's House (clan); Shoto being Gichin Funakoshi's pen name, the sound of wind through pine trees; A traditional HARD Japanese style, that utilized powerful commited attacks. This is what most people consider the original school of Karate-do.
Shuai Chiao (C) Modern... See Chinese Wrestling.
Shuai Go (C) See Chinese Wrestling.
Shurite (J) Lit. Shuri Hand ; One of the primary Okinawan Karate Systems. One of the root system of shorin-ryu. A somewhat offensive (aggressive) martial art.
Silat (Indonesian) Lit. Fast Actions ; A two person fast "dance" Kata, integrating each others moves into the form.
Sillum (C) Alternate pronounciation of Shaolin.
Subak (K) An extinct Korean martial art.
Sumai (J) Ancient name for Sumo.
Sumo (J) Japanese wrestling. Throw or push the opponent to the mat or out of the ring. There are many rituals done in Japanese wrestling, and is a very popular modern japanese sport.
Ta Cheng Ch'uan (C) Great Acheivement Fist ; A hsing-I derived, internal Chinese system.
Tae Kwon Do (K) Lit. Hand-Foot Way; also known as Korean Karate. This art believes that since a humans most powerful weapon is his legs, the legs should be heavily developed and utilized. This style is so geared towards kicking and competition that it is currently evolving from a "martial art" into a "martial sport". Utilizes a lot of kicks and many jumping & spinning motions.
Tai Chi Chuan (C) Lit. Body Energy Fist ; A Chinese form of martial arts that in the begining stages, is a form of exercise based on (forms) sets of movements taken from animals & nature. The origins come from Bodidharma who developed these forms for exercise. Later they were adopted or modified into many different styles of martial arts. There are 13 principle techniques to Tai Chi including; the 8 hand techniques (ward off,roll back, press, push, pull, twist, elbow & lean) and 5 directions of footwork (center, left, right, front, back). An advanced student can use this as a fighting art.
Taijitsu (J) Lit. Body Techniques ; Using the body to injure or throw an opponent.
Tang Soo Do (K) Lit. Chinese Hand Way (Tang Hand Way); A chinese influnced Korean Karate syste. It is similar to Tae Kwon Do. Chuck Norris studied this system.
T'ang Su (K) Lit. Tang Hand. An ancient (extinct) Korean martial art which came from China.
Thai Kick Boxing (Thai) A sport that utilizes kicking, kneeing, elbowing, or punching the opponent. It is known for a lot of "in fighting" techniques. See Boxing, Thai Kick.
Uechi Ryu (J) Lit. Uechi School ; An Okinawan martial art with rooted stances, named after its founder Kanbum Uechi.
Vajramusti (Indian) An ancient Indian wrestling, with a fist weapon in/on the right hand.
Wado Ryu (J) Lit. Peace Way School ; a Japanese karate style.
Western Boxing (W) A popular sport that consists of hands-only blundgeoning.This is a sport and the training gets very specialized. A boxer is trained to take abuse (and minimize it) as well as deliver it.
Western Wrestling (W) There are two styles of western wrestling;
  • Graeco Roman - above the waist throwing & pinning.
  • Freestyle - beat the opponent senseless and THEN pin them to the mat.
  • Modern American wrestling as done professionally has become a specialized art of showmanship, and promotion, with most skills going towards NOT seriously injuring your opponent, but making it look good.
White Crane (C) See Animal Styles.
White Eyebrow (C) (Bak Mei) ; This defensive style is a close to medium range fighting system. The white eyebrow practitioner will wait for the opponent to strike first, and then retaliate using relaxed arms (until impact when they tense) and waist rotation for power. There are five external forms (eyes, mind, hands, waist, stance) with the five internal forms (spirit, purpose, courage, power (chi), power (ging) ). The only fist used is a pheonix eye strike.
Wing Chun (C) Lit. The name of the founder, Yim Wing Chun , the only style who's founder was a female ; An in-fighting, very linear kung fu system. Utilizes in-close multiple short attacks using the body to project power. Often grabs or pins an opponent's limb with one hand while attacking with the rest of the body. Bruce Lee was known to be an avid Wing Chun practitioner under Yip Man.
Wu Shu (C) Lit. Martial Art(s). Wu Shu practitioners tend to specialize in doing forms and demonstrations. There forms tend to require incredible amounts of limberness, and acrobatics.
Yarijutsu (J) Lit. Spear Techniques; Japanese spear.
Yudo (K) Korean Judo, a copy of Japanese Judo that has evolved into a Korean System.
Yu Sool (K) An ancient (extinct) Korean martial art. Strongly Chinese influenced, this was a soft internal system.

Created: 3/19/87
Updated: 11/09/02

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