of Martial Arts:
collection of many different arts
David K. Every
(C) 1987 - All
- Aiki-do (J) Lit.- Divine Harmony Way;
Throwing, holding and locking your opponent(s), a soft
internal style. Lots of circular / redirecting
- Aiki-Jitsu (J) Lit.-Divine Harmony Techniques;
The techniques of throwing, holding and locking your
opponent(s). Lots of circular / redirecting techniques.
Similar to Aikido but without the philosophies of Morehie
- Aiki-JuJitsu (J) Lit.-Divine Harmony of Jentle
Techniques; A very blending system of Jujutsu that is the
predecessor of modern Akido.
- American-Kenpo (W) Lit.-American Fist Law; A
Kenpo/Kempo system created by Edmund Parker. Most modern
American Kenpo Systems can trace some of their roots back
to Ed Parkers American Kenpo, and many different teaching
methods and techniques can be traced back to this system.
This system allows "artistic interpretation" and many,
many american offshoots have come of this.
- ANIMAL STYLES - Using the basic principles of
the way an animal defends itself for self defense. Here
is a partial list of some animal styles, and their
technique. Some animals are styles (sub-sets of a
system), and others are complete systems. And some
animals have different personalities (sub-sets of the
- Bear - Mauling grappling style, powerful and
- Boar - Rushing and butting, using elbows and
- Bull - Charging and tackling.
- Cobra - Striking vital point, usually upper
- CRANE - Grace & Balance. The crane is a
graceful beautiful bird, whose beauty makes it look
helpless. It uses its balance and grace (fluidity)
against the opponent. It is good at out-fighting
(fighting from a distance), not letting the opponent get
too close, but using accuracy to hit with poison hand
- Deer - Fleet and Agile.
- DRAGON - Rides the wind. The dragon flies,
swoops, leaps, slashes; known for twirling & spinning
motions, uses the momentum and whipping motion of the
spin against the opponent. It uses movements and strikes
from many other animals, and is difficult to
- Eagle - A style utilizes the "Eagle Claw", a
unique attack, usually to soft targets (eyes, throat,
- Eagle Claw (C) - (This is a system of martial
arts) This system is similar to jujitsu, trapping
incoming strikes and taking down, and locking up the
opponent. This is a long fist style (out-fighting), most
strikes are aimed at pressure points.
- LEOPARD - Speed & Power. The leopard is
quick and leaping; it likes to lunge in with attacks, and
then get clear before the retaliation. It has a lot of
in-out attacks using the quick body momentum to add
- Leopard (SNOW) - this is a variant of the
leapord. The snow leopard walks on snow all day, so
its paws are frozen (and more frail). So the snow
leopard likes to lunge in like the leopard, but it
uses its forearms, elbows & knees to strike (to
protect its paws).
- Monkey Kung Fu (C) (Tai Sing) - Agile &
Tricky. An awkward looking animal at best. It confuses
the opponent, using movements that don't look feasible
(and therefore weren't planned for) and very low stances.
It can put on a showy display to confuse you and then hit
you with something simple (or visa-versa). It will roll
to absorb a hit or to get inside your guard. It is
desceptive and dangerous. There are 5 sub-styles of
Monkey Kung Fu, these are:
- Drunken Monkey - See Monkey , but add more
desceptive movements, that give the practitioner the
appearance of being intoxicated. It is the most
difficult of the monkey styles to master.
- Lost Monkey - See Monkey , but add constant
movement (changing footwork and direction
- Standing Monkey - See Monkey , but use more
outfighting , more conventional stances , and less
rolling (better for taller people).
- Stone Monkey - See Monkey , but add that
this practitioner will absorb strikes, and exchange
- Wooden Monkey - See Monkey , but add this
is the most aggressive of the monkey styles , it will
literally jump on an opponent to get at him.
- Panther - Circling, lunging and ripping.
- Praying Mantis (C) (Tong Lun) ; A system that
likes to trap oncoming strikes while simultaneously
striking with the other hand / foot. And then utilizing
many fast handed strikes. A large person in this style is
not afraid to use his body (butting , hipping , etc.)
while speed will work for the smaller person.
- Eight Steps Praying Mantis ; Utilizes
footwork for more in-fighting.
- Northern Praying Mantis ; Utilizes more
kicks, more out-fighting.
- Seven Star Praying Mantis ; Translates as
"always moving & changing your direction, in order
to break down your opponent's guard."
- Praying Mantis (Southern) (C) This system is
unrelated to praying mantis, and bears no resemblance to
the insect. This is an in-fighting, short hand system,
that utilizes quick agressive attacks. This style has no
real blocks, it avoids(or absorbs) the first punch and
immediately counter attacks with a machine gun barrage of
tight punches, and low kicks (often simultaneous). no
changing of footwork, no blocking (too slow), just an all
out blitz. They are known for their 1 inch punch, pheonix
and palm strikes.
- Python - Grappling, crushing. Utilizes locks
and holds with chokes.
- Scorpion - Grabs at pressure point or soft
- SNAKE - Supple & Rythmic endurance. The
snake is fluent and supple, it will wrap up your limbs,
destroy your balance, and use poison hand techniques. It
likes to get in close and use grappling / throwing while
striking many times in the process.
- TIGER - Strength & Tenacity. The tiger is
good at in-fighting (fighting in close), it likes to maul
the opponent, overpower him. The tiger is a strong style
(good for stockier people, to use their strength). It
throws an opponent one direction, and then uses the
opponent's momentum against him.
- Viper - Strikes at vital point, usually lower
- White Crane (C) This is a defensive system
utilizing long powerful high kicks as well as long arm
attacks. There are four basic fist attacks taught (Chuin
- straight punch , Pow - uppercut , Kup - circular
overhead punch , Chow - roundhouse punch). This system
uses the pivot of the whole body to put force behind its
strike / kick, all of which are delivered from long
range. A lot of quick everchanging footwork.
- Archery (W) Various scoring systems, with the
basic principle of hitting a target with an arrow.
- Arnis (P) Lit. Harness; Philipine martial art.
See Filipino Arts.
- Arnis de mano (P) Lit. Harness of the hand;
- Bajutsu (J) Lit. Horsemanship techniques.
- Bak Mei (C) Lit. White Eyebrow ; See white
- Bandesh (Indian) An ancient Indian martial
art. Utilizes various locks.
- Bando (Burmese) Lit. Disciplined Way. Sometime
refered to as Burmese Boxing, a VERY brutal sport. There
is also a style of bando that is a external martial art,
and there is an internal martial art of Bando.
- Banshay (Burmese) A Burmese martial art that
uses weapons. This style has some Indian and Chinese
- Barusilat (Indo) Lit. new place. A unique
style of indonesian Silat.
- Battojutsu (J) Lit. Cutting sword technique. A
rapid version of iaido or iaijutsu, the art of quick draw
and cut with a sword.
- Bersilat (Malasian) A style similair to the
other Indonesian Silat styles.
- Binot (Indian) A rare martial art, where the
practitioner is empty handed but works against all sorts
of weaponed combatants.
- Bojutsu (J) Lit. Bo techniques. Martial art
using the bo (6' staff) or spear.
- Boxing (W) An advanced martial sport. The
rules vary, due to amatuer or profession status.
Generally a (gloved) fist only sport bludgeoning. This is
a sport, therfor the training gets very specialized.
- Boxing, Burmese (Burmese) A brutal martial
sport similair to Thai boxing. Sometimes also called
- Boxing, Chinese (Chinese) A generic term for
any of many Chinese martial arts.
- Boxing, Greek (Greek)An ancient greek boxing
- Boxing, Kick (Western) A generic term for
- Boxing, Thai (Thai) A Thailand origonated,
brutal martial sport. This sport allows strikes with the
elbows or knees, as well as hands or feet. And it also
allows strikes to the legs or knees. Also called Muay
- Budo (J) Lit. Martial / Warrior way. Not an
art but a code of ethics that the samari and many martial
artists try to adhere to.
- Bujutsu (J) Lit. Martial / Warrior
- Burmese Boxing (Burmese) A brutal martial
sport similar to Thai boxing.
- Bushido (J) The way of the warrior; following
the code of the bushi. A philosophical thought behind
many Japanese martial arts. Also known as the code of the
- Capoeira (Brazilian) An acrobatic, high
kicking style, created by African slaves.
- Ch'a Chuan (C) An northern Chinese style,
specializing in out-fighting, using jumps with long
strikes and long kicks.
- Chang Chuan (C) Lit. Long Fist ; An open style
, specializing in out-fighting, using long strikes and
long kicks. Many styles are originated in this system
including Northern Shaolin, Choy-li-fut and Northern
- Chang-Hon Yu (K) Lit. Blue House School. A Tae
Kwon Do style founded by General Choi Hong Hi (the name
coming from his pen name; Chang-Hon).
- Chang-Mu Kwon (K) Lit. Expansion of Martial
Arts School. A Korean martial art, founded in 1946.
- Chi Do Kwan (K) Lit. Wisdom Way School. A
style similar to, and with roots in, Tang Soo Do.
- Ch'in Na (C) Lit. Siezing Art; Ancient Chinese
locking and holding techniques. Thought to be the be the
forerunner of judo and aikido.
- Chinese Boxing (C) A generic term for most
Chinese martial arts (Kung Fu , Gung Fu , Chuan Fa ,
- Chinese Wrestling (C) (Shuai-Jao) ; Modern
Chinese wrestling, a groundwork mostly system. Has some
flipping and throwing.
- Cireum (K) Korean sport wrestling. This sport
has its roots in some ancient Chinese and Mongolian
grappling martial arts, as well as modern Japanese
- Chiao Ti (C) Ancient Chinese wrestling, where
the practitioners both wore horned helmets, and tried to
gore each other.
- Chito Ryu (J) A Japanese style named after it
founder Tsuyoshi Chitose.
- Chow Gar (C) Lit. Chow Family; A southern
Chinese style similair to Choy Gar.
- Choy Gar (C) Lit. Choy Family ; no relation to
Choy-li-fut... this is a long arm style, and very
- Choy-Li-Fut (C) Lit. Choy (a Shaolin monk) Fut
(means buddha) ; A long fist system that utilizes a lot
of circular strike, extension & projection, with low
powerful stances. It is an in-fighting as well as an
out-fighting system. It has four main fist strikes (Tsop
- straight punch , Qua - backfist/back 2-knuckle, Jong -
Uppercut , Sow - roundhouse punch) all use projection
& body torque for power. It contains animal forms
(Tiger , Leopard, Dragon, Snake, Crane) and has grappling
& throwing. It uses many different weapons, and is a
very diverse system.
- Ch'uan Fa (C) Lit. Fist Law; Used the same as
'Kung Fu', but actually means the same thing as
Kempo/Kenpo. It is a term used to describe Chinese
martial arts. Usually the schools name would be before
"Ch'uan Fa" as in Shaolin Ch'uan Fa (the Shaolin School
of the Fist Law).
- Ch'uan Shu (C) Lit. Fist Art; Same as "Chuan
Fa", "Kung Fu" or "Wu Shu"...a term used to describe
Chinese martial arts.
- Chujo Ryu (J) An ancient school of Japanese
- Chung Kuo Ch'uan (C)Lit. Chinese Fist ; See
Boxing, Chinese or Chinese Boxing.
- Drunken Monk (C) A style in which the
practitioner's movements emulate a drunken persons. This
is somewhat exotic, but the movements and effectiveness
can be surprising.
- Dumog (P) Old Philipine Wrestling.
- Eagle Claw (C) A Chinese kung fu system that
is known for its attacks vital point with the "eagle
- Escrima (P) Lit. Skirmish. See Filipino
- External Systems () This is not a style but a
catagory. It means that the basis of this system is hard,
powerful, linear, forceful. External systems use more
physical means to achieve their goal, usually meeting
opwer with power.
- Fari Gatka (Indian) Lit. Shield and Sword. An
Indian form of fencing utilizing a shield.
- Fencing (W) One of three main swordsmanship
- Epee - thrust at the opponent; any part of the body
is a legal target.
- Foil - thrust at the opponent; only the torso is a
- Sabre - thrust or slash the opponent; anything above
the knees is target.
- Filipino Arts (Philipines) Usually one of the
arts of Escrima, Kali or Arnis, these names are often
used interchangably. These arts work with many drills.
The arts are practices at many different ranges with any
combination of sticks, swords, knives, spears (short) and
empty hands. They also work on disarming, locking and
- Fu Chiao Pai (C) A Chinese tiger system. See
- Fut Gar (C) A southern Chinese influenced
system. Utilizes many palm heel strikes.
- Gatka (Indian) An Indian stick (oar) fighting
- Goju (- Ryu ) (J) Lit. Hard Soft Way
(the way of being both hard and soft); Okinawan
- Go Ti (C) Ancient Chinese Wrestling.
- Gun Fu (A) Lit. To use a gun ; This is a
street art for blowing away people or killing innocent
bystanders as a warning to the guy. The warning seems to
be that the user is dangerous and can not operate a tool
properly. More of an assault than an art.
- Hapkido (K) Lit. Coordinated Power Way ; A
Korean martial art similar to Aikido but simplified (a
subset of Aikido), circular defensive system of flips,
locks, and throws. Geared towards defense, and
redirecting the opponents strength/momentum. Modern
Hapkido often also works with with striking techniques
and often acrobatics or gymnastic moves.
- Hisardut (I) Lit. Self-Defense. An Isrealy form of
Martial Arts. A very hard core defense oriented system.
Lethal, but doesn't teach forms.
- Hojojutsu (J) Lit. Tying Techniques.
Techniques used by Ancient Samarai and Modern Police to
bind with a rope.
- Hokka No Jutsu (J) The techniques for using
fire and smoke in battle.
- Hop Gar (C) A fighting system with some
- Hsing-I (C) Lit. Shape of mind / Shape of
intention ; This style has its basis in the 5 elements
(earth, metal, water, wood, and fire) and 12 animals
(dragon, tiger, monkey, horse, chicken, falcon, snake,
tai bird, lizard, swallow, eagle, bear). 1 of the 3 major
- Hua Ch'uan (C) Lit. Flowering Hand. A Northern
- Hung Gar (C) Lit. Hung Family ; A hard
external southern Chinese system, utilizing low stances.
It uses animal forms (Tiger , Leopard, Dragon, Snake,
Crane), and the five elements (metal, wood, fire, water,
and earth) and it also utilizes a variety of
- Hwarang Do (K) Flowering Manhood Way. A
diverse acrobatic Korean martial art. Meant to follow the
ways of Hwa Rang warriors (who had strict moral,
philisophical code of conduct similar to bushido).
- Iaido (J) Lit. Sword Way ; The art of
quick-draw and cut of the sword.
- Iaijutsu (J) Lit. Sword Techniques ; The art
of quick-draw and cut of the sword.
- I Ch'uan (C) Lit. Mind Fist ; See Hsing
- Internal Systems () This is not a style but a
catagory. It means that the basis of this system is soft,
circular, utilizes internal energy rather than external
force. Internal systems use more less physical means to
achieve their goal, usually avoiding or redirecting power
rather than meeting power with power.
- Iron Palm () Not a system but a type of
training for toughening of the hand, often used for
destructive (breaking) techniques.
- Iron Body () Not a system but a type of
training for toughening of the entire body, for being
able to take physical abuse.
- Isshin Ryu (J) Lit. One Heart School; An
Okinawan Karate system founded in 1954.
- Jeet Kune Do (C ) Intercepting Fist Way ;
Bruce Lee's style of self defense ; the simultaneous
block & attack of wing chun , the movements of
western boxing. A whatever works philosophy, the style of
no-style. Works on out-fighting as well as
- Jobajutsu (J) Lit. Horsemanship
- Jodo (J) Lit. Stick Way; Training using the Jo
stick, a 4' or 5' stick.
- Jojutsu (J) Lit. Stick Techniques; techniques
using the Jo stick, a 4' or 5' stick.
- Judo (J) Lit. Gentle Way; A modern sport for
thowing, flipping and locking your opponent.
- Jujitsu (J) Lit. Gentle Techniques; How to
defend yourself by throwing, flipping, locking, and
striking your opponent.
- Jukendo (J) Lit. Bayonet Way. A way of
training using a simulated bayonet on a rifle.
- Jukenjutsu (J) Lit. Bayonet Techniques. Using
a bayonet to strike the throat, side or heart.
- Juttejutsu (J) Lit. Iron Stick Techniques.
Techniques using a small iron batton.
- Kajukenbo (W) The name comes from Korean
KArate-Judo-Jujutsu-Kenpo-Chinese Boxing, which are the
syles that the art was created from. System was founded
by Emparado in the ????.
- Kalari Payat (Indian) Fist, Stick or dagger
- Kali (P) Philipine Stick fighting. See
- Karate (J) Lit. Empty Hands; It has been
adapted into a generic term meaning martial art, but it
is literally 'how to defend yourself with "empty hands"'.
Many styles are "Karate", empty handed self-defence
styles. Most are not KARATE-DO a particular (traditional)
style of defending yourself emptyhanded.
- Karate Connection (W) An American
Kenpo based school created by Chuck Sullivan and Vic
LeRoux. Includes techniques from many different schools
of thought. A "use what works" mentality.
- Karate-Do (J) Lit. The way of the empty hands
; A traditional hard linear style. Uses force against
force, hard blocks block hard strikes, come straight at
the opponent and hit him hard. A way of maximize an
- Keibojutsu (J) Small Club Techniques; The
keibo is a small wooden Jo. This is basically
- Kempo or Kenpo (J) Lit. Fist Law; Japanese
pronounciation of the Chinese ideograms for Ch'uan Fa. A
martial art that has seen the influences of Japanese,
Chinese and American Martial Arts. This arts philosophy
of attack are; first stun, then hit (hurt), then take the
opponentdown (throw or flip), and then finish. Attack the
opoponent with an overwhelming barrage of attacks that he
can't possibly defend against. See History section for
- Kendo (J) Lit. The way of the sword ; A sport
using bamboo swords (shinai) and armor.
- Kenjitsu (J) Lit. The techniques of
swordsmanship; How to defend yourself using your sword
- Kiai-Jitsu (J) Lit. Spirit-shout techniques;
How to stun, injure or kill the opponent(s) with a KIAI
- Kick Boxing (W) See Boxing, Kick.
- KobuJutsu (J) Lit. Weapons Teqniques ; Self
defence using the bokken or one of many other
- Kuk Sool (K) A style that has influences from
Tae Kwon Do and Kung Fu. A softer Korean style, with some
additional grappling / throwing and locking.
- Kung Fu (C) Lit. To be proficient in ; This
term is misunder- stood by many westerners, it means that
a student is learning an art/style named prior to "kung
fu", kung fu itself is not a style. Most Kung Fu styles
are soft circular styles; parying, avoiding, deflecting
attacks rather than blocking or stopping them.
- Kung Fu ( Animal Styles ) (C) Using the
basic principles of the way an animal defends itself for
self defense. See Animal Styles.
- Kung Sool (K) Korean archery, strongly Chinese
influenced utilizes a short bow.
- Kyudo (J) Lit. Bow Way; Japanese archery. Not
just shooting an arrow on target, but becoming one with
what you are doing. A study in philosophy, as much as it
is a martial art.
- Kyujutsu (J) Lit. Bow Techniques; Japanese
- Lau Gar (C) Lit. Lau Family ; A middle length
system that utilizes a lot of hands, not often
- Li Chia (C) See Li Gar.
- Li Gar (C) Lit. Li Family ; A strong middle
length system that utilizes a lot of hands... not often
taught. The originator of this system is also one of
- Lima Lama (Polynesian) Lit. Hand Wisdom ; A
Polynesian influenced martial art, also strongly
influenced by Kempo.
- Liu Gar (C) Lit. Liu Family ; A southern
Chinese in-fighting system.
- Ma Sool (K) Korean horsemanship.
- Mi Tsung I (C) A Chinese system utilizing fast
turning, direction changing and attacks.
- Mok Gar (C) Lit. Mok Family ; a short handed
system that utilizes powerful kicks.
- Monkey Kung Fu (C) See Animal Styles.
- Mongolian Wrestling (C) Known for wrestling
large animals (lions & bears).
- Moo Duk Kwan (K) A Korean martial art
utilizing many high and spinning kicks. This is an
offshoot of Tang Soo Do or Tae Kwon Do -- and traced
history back to Chinese Martial Arts.
- Naban (Burma) Burmese Wrestling
- Naginata Do (J) Long Sword Way ; The way of
using a long pole with a bladed end. This was studied by
women of the Samari.
- Naginatajutsu (J) Long Sword Techniques ;
Techniques using the Naginata, a long pole with a bladed
- Nahate (J) Lit. Naha Hand ; One of the
original Okinawan martial arts. This style is defensive,
and influenced by internal systems. It has some grappling
- Ninpo (J) Lit. Nothingness Art ; The art of
the ninja. See Ninjitsu.
- Ninjitsu (J) Lit. Nothingness techniques; The
art of the ninja. An anything goes style, that trains in
espionage, infiltration, assasination and use of many
weapons as well as empty handed combat. Modernized
versions focus more on the empty handed and weapon
aspects of the art.
- Okinawa-Te (J) Lit. Okinawa Hand ; Okinawa-te
is an okinawan form of martial art. Many other Japanese
arts developed from it including Karate and
- Pa Kwa (C) Lit. Eight Directions ; It is
origonally taught as a soft style , but gets into harder
strikes when the student advances high enough. It likes
to circle the opponent , and most attacks (80-90%) will
be palms. A medium & close range system, that stands
in upright (tall) stances. 1 of the 3 major internal
- Pai Hao Ch'uan (C) White Crane Kung Fu.
- Pat Mei P'ai (C) See White Eyebrow.
- Pentjak (Indonesian) A generic term to
describe Indonesian Martial Arts.
- Pentjak Silat (Indonesian) Indonesian Martial
Art. Includes weapons and forms. There are many
- Praying Mantis (C) (Tong Lun) ; See Animal
- Sambo (S) Soviet judo.
- Savate (F) Lit. Old Shoe; AFrench martial art,
utilizes a lot of kicks.
- Shaolin (C) Lit. Small Forest ; Famous temple
in China, whose monks where the first to use "martial
arts" as a style. Many, many styles are based on the
forms & movements developed by Bodidharma for the
Shaolin monks. See history section.
- Shaolin Ch'uan Fa (C) Shaolin Fist
Law. The proper name for original chinese temple
- Shaolin Kempo (A) A modern Kempo style. A
self-defense style that has tried to take the best out of
Karate / Kung Fu / Jujitsu. The linear hard movements of
Kempo Karate, the circular soft movements of Shaolin Kung
Fu , along with 5 animals from Shaolin (Tiger , Leopard ,
Dragon , Snake , Crane), with the grappling / throwing /
locking of Juijitsu.
- Shinobi Jutsu (J) An old name for
- Shito-Ryu (J) A traditional Japanese Karate
- Shorei-Ryu (J) Lit. Shoei School ; A slow,
powerful, traditional Okinawan Karate System.
- Shorin (J) One of the primary Okinawan Karate
- Shorin-Ryu (J) One of the primary Okinawan
- Shorinji (J) Lit. Japanese pronounciation of
- Shorinji Kempo (J) Lit Shaolin Fist Way ;
- Shorinji-Ryu (J) Lit. Japanese (Okinawan)
School of Shaolin ; A fluent circular karate style, the
Shaolin influence is apparant in the fluidity of the
attacks, and the karate is apparant in the powerful rigid
- Shotokan (J) Lit. Shoto's House (clan); Shoto
being Gichin Funakoshi's pen name, the sound of wind
through pine trees; A traditional HARD Japanese style,
that utilized powerful commited attacks. This is what
most people consider the original school of
- Shuai Chiao (C) Modern... See Chinese
- Shuai Go (C) See Chinese Wrestling.
- Shurite (J) Lit. Shuri Hand ; One of the
primary Okinawan Karate Systems. One of the root system
of shorin-ryu. A somewhat offensive (aggressive) martial
- Silat (Indonesian) Lit. Fast Actions ; A two
person fast "dance" Kata, integrating each others moves
into the form.
- Sillum (C) Alternate pronounciation of
- Subak (K) An extinct Korean martial art.
- Sumai (J) Ancient name for Sumo.
- Sumo (J) Japanese wrestling. Throw or push the
opponent to the mat or out of the ring. There are many
rituals done in Japanese wrestling, and is a very popular
modern japanese sport.
- Ta Cheng Ch'uan (C) Great Acheivement Fist ; A
hsing-I derived, internal Chinese system.
- Tae Kwon Do (K) Lit. Hand-Foot Way; also known
as Korean Karate. This art believes that since a humans
most powerful weapon is his legs, the legs should be
heavily developed and utilized. This style is so geared
towards kicking and competition that it is currently
evolving from a "martial art" into a "martial sport".
Utilizes a lot of kicks and many jumping & spinning
- Tai Chi Chuan (C) Lit. Body Energy Fist ; A
Chinese form of martial arts that in the begining stages,
is a form of exercise based on (forms) sets of movements
taken from animals & nature. The origins come from
Bodidharma who developed these forms for exercise. Later
they were adopted or modified into many different styles
of martial arts. There are 13 principle techniques to Tai
Chi including; the 8 hand techniques (ward off,roll back,
press, push, pull, twist, elbow & lean) and 5
directions of footwork (center, left, right, front,
back). An advanced student can use this as a fighting
- Taijitsu (J) Lit. Body Techniques ; Using the
body to injure or throw an opponent.
- Tang Soo Do (K) Lit. Chinese Hand Way (Tang
Hand Way); A chinese influnced Korean Karate syste. It is
similar to Tae Kwon Do. Chuck Norris studied this
- T'ang Su (K) Lit. Tang Hand. An ancient
(extinct) Korean martial art which came from China.
- Thai Kick Boxing (Thai) A sport that utilizes
kicking, kneeing, elbowing, or punching the opponent. It
is known for a lot of "in fighting" techniques. See
Boxing, Thai Kick.
- Uechi Ryu (J) Lit. Uechi School ; An Okinawan
martial art with rooted stances, named after its founder
- Vajramusti (Indian) An ancient Indian
wrestling, with a fist weapon in/on the right hand.
- Wado Ryu (J) Lit. Peace Way School ; a
Japanese karate style.
- Western Boxing (W) A popular sport that
consists of hands-only blundgeoning.This is a sport and
the training gets very specialized. A boxer is trained to
take abuse (and minimize it) as well as deliver it.
- Western Wrestling (W) There are two styles of
- Graeco Roman - above the waist throwing &
- Freestyle - beat the opponent senseless and THEN pin
them to the mat.
- Modern American wrestling as done professionally has
become a specialized art of showmanship, and promotion,
with most skills going towards NOT seriously injuring
your opponent, but making it look good.
- White Crane (C) See Animal Styles.
- White Eyebrow (C) (Bak Mei) ; This defensive
style is a close to medium range fighting system. The
white eyebrow practitioner will wait for the opponent to
strike first, and then retaliate using relaxed arms
(until impact when they tense) and waist rotation for
power. There are five external forms (eyes, mind, hands,
waist, stance) with the five internal forms (spirit,
purpose, courage, power (chi), power (ging) ). The only
fist used is a pheonix eye strike.
- Wing Chun (C) Lit. The name of the founder,
Yim Wing Chun , the only style who's founder was a female
; An in-fighting, very linear kung fu system. Utilizes
in-close multiple short attacks using the body to project
power. Often grabs or pins an opponent's limb with one
hand while attacking with the rest of the body. Bruce Lee
was known to be an avid Wing Chun practitioner under Yip
- Wu Shu (C) Lit. Martial Art(s). Wu Shu
practitioners tend to specialize in doing forms and
demonstrations. There forms tend to require incredible
amounts of limberness, and acrobatics.
- Yarijutsu (J) Lit. Spear Techniques; Japanese
- Yudo (K) Korean Judo, a copy of Japanese Judo
that has evolved into a Korean System.
- Yu Sool (K) An ancient (extinct) Korean
martial art. Strongly Chinese influenced, this was a soft